E-commerce's discounted disruptors
For the second time in as many weeks, a would-be digital disruptor of the commerce world has been snapped up on the cheap by an analogue antecedent. After the closing bell on Monday, sprawling marketing giant Harland Clarke Holdings, the owner of a number of advertising flyers that clutter postal boxes and newspapers, said it would pay $630m for online coupon site RetailMeNot. The amount is just one-quarter the price Wall Street had put on the company three years ago.
The markdown on RetailMeNot comes just days after Samsonite gobbled up eBags, a dot-com survivor that nonetheless sold for a paltry multiple. The $105m acquisition is supposed to help the world's largest maker of luggage sell directly to consumers. Samonsite, which traces its roots back more than a century, certainly didn't overpay for that digital know-how. Its purchase values eBags at just 0.7x trailing sales.
While a bit richer, RetailMeNot is still only valued at 2.25x trailing sales and 2x forecast sales in the bid from Harland Clarke. And that's for a sizable company that's growing in the low-teens range (eBags is about half the size of RetailMeNot but is growing at twice that rate). The valuations paid by the old-world acquirers of both of these online retail startups were clearly shaped more by the staid retail world than the supercharged multiples generally paid for online assets. It's a reminder, once again, that disruption – that clichéd goal of much of Silicon Valley – doesn't necessarily generate value. Sometimes trying to knock a market on its head just gives everyone involved a headache.
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